Students` athletes are likely to face great challenges in the fight against identity. College athletics can be an ego identity for athletes as parents, their peers, and even foreigners give praise and rewards to athletes for their performance. This support and encouragement may seem positive – but if recognition comes only for sports skills, a person`s total self-esteem depends on making great plays and winning the game. If an athlete is not able to deliver at such a high level, he or she can be under enormous pressure. This pressure can be self-inflicted or often fuelled by the media. Student athletes generally experience different levels of stress based on the different things that occur during their university life, such as pursuing a degree, managing time and fluctuations between new experiences and transitions, among others. All experiences are increased because everyone expects students` athletes to consistently perform well at a high level, both inside and outside the classroom. The consequences of non-benefits are very intense and can be serious and could even take the form of mockery or worse.  Less than 4% of high school football and basketball players make the transition to university and less than 2% of these 4% remain in the professional ranks, making prospects of pursuing athletics in competitive sport an attractive illusion rather than a realistic option.  Despite this data, a considerable number of high school athletes continue to view university sport as the experience required to enter professional sport in the minor leagues A student (sometimes also a written student-athlete) participates in a high-level organized sport sponsored by the educational institution where students are enrolled. Student-athletes are full-time students and athletes at the same time.
Colleges offer sports scholarships in many sports. Many student athletes receive scholarships for these institutions, but a scholarship is not required for a student athlete. In the United States, sports scholarships are widely regulated – either by the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) or by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), which sets minimum standards for both scholarship holders (in terms of GPAs and standardized results) and for institutions that correspond to them (in terms of the form and value of scholarships and the share of recipients who ultimately need to obtain degrees). Students who are very talented can also receive scholarships for a particular sport. The term student-athlete was coined in 1964 by Walter Byers, the NCAA`s first executive director, to counter attempts to require universities to pay work.  Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments, now known as Patsy T.